In Selenium WebDriver, the getTitle() method is used to retrieve the title of the current web page. This is particularly useful for validating that the correct page has been loaded or for verifying specific test conditions related to the page title.


String pageTitle = driver.getTitle();


  1. Retrieving Page Title:
//Assuming 'driver' is an instance of WebDriver 
String pageTitle = driver.getTitle(); 
System.out.println("Page Title: " + pageTitle);

2. Asserting Page Title:

    // Assuming 'driver' is an instance of WebDriver 
    String expectedTitle = "Example Domain"; 
    String actualTitle = driver.getTitle(); 
    Assert.assertEquals(actualTitle, expectedTitle);


    import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
    import org.testng.Assert;
    public class GetTitleExample {
        public static void main(String[] args) {
            // Set path to the ChromeDriver executable
            System.setProperty("", "path/to/chromedriver");
            // Initialize ChromeDriver
            WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
            // Open a webpage
            // Retrieve the page title
            String pageTitle = driver.getTitle();
            System.out.println("Page Title: " + pageTitle);
            // Assert the page title
            String expectedTitle = "Example Domain";
            Assert.assertEquals(pageTitle, expectedTitle);
            // Close the browser


    • Validation: The getTitle() method is essential for verifying that the browser has navigated to the correct page.
    • Assertions: It is commonly used in assertions within automated tests to ensure that the expected page has loaded.
    • Debugging: Helps in debugging and logging by providing the title of the current page.


    • Dynamic Titles: If the page title changes dynamically after the initial load, you may need to account for these changes in your test logic.
    • Pop-ups and Alerts: Retrieving the title might not be straightforward if the page has modal pop-ups or alerts.


    The getTitle() method in Selenium WebDriver is a straightforward yet powerful tool for obtaining the title of the current web page. It plays a crucial role in validation, assertions, and debugging within web automation testing. By using this method, testers can ensure that their automated scripts are interacting with the correct web pages, thereby increasing the reliability and accuracy of their tests.

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