The isSelected() method in Selenium WebDriver is used to check the selection state of web elements such as checkboxes, radio buttons, and options in a dropdown menu. This method returns a boolean value (true or false) indicating whether the element is selected. Understanding how to use the isSelected() method effectively is crucial for verifying the state of form elements and ensuring that the correct options are selected in automated tests.


// Assuming 'element' is an instance of WebElement
boolean isSelected = element.isSelected();


  1. Checking if a Checkbox is Selected:
WebElement checkbox = driver.findElement("checkboxId")); 
boolean isCheckboxSelected = checkbox.isSelected();

2. Checking if a Radio Button is Selected:

    WebElement radioButton = driver.findElement("radioButtonId")); 
    boolean isRadioButtonSelected = radioButton.isSelected();

    3. Checking if an Option in a Dropdown is Selected:

      WebElement option = driver.findElement("optionId")); 
      boolean isOptionSelected = option.isSelected();


      import org.openqa.selenium.By;
      import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
      import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
      public class IsSelectedExample {
          public static void main(String[] args) {
              // Set path to the ChromeDriver executable
              System.setProperty("", "path/to/chromedriver");
              // Initialize ChromeDriver
              WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
              // Open a webpage
              // Locate a checkbox and check if it is selected
              WebElement checkbox = driver.findElement("ford"));
              boolean isCheckboxSelected = checkbox.isSelected();
              System.out.println("Checkbox selected: " + isCheckboxSelected);
              // Locate a radio button and check if it is selected
              WebElement radioButton = driver.findElement("css"));
              boolean isRadioButtonSelected = radioButton.isSelected();
              System.out.println("Radio button selected: " + isRadioButtonSelected);
              // Close the browser


      • Form Validation: The isSelected() method is essential for validating the selection state of form elements, ensuring that the correct options are selected in checkboxes, radio buttons, and dropdown menus.
      • Dynamic State Verification: It helps in verifying the dynamic state of elements, which is crucial for tests that involve user interactions and conditional selections.
      • Accurate Testing: By checking the selection state of elements, testers can ensure the accuracy and reliability of automated tests, particularly for forms and interactive elements.


      • Applicable Elements: The isSelected() method is specifically designed for checkboxes, radio buttons, and dropdown options. It may not be applicable to other types of elements.
      • Initial State: Ensure that the initial state of the element is known, as isSelected() will return the current state, which might be influenced by previous interactions or default settings.


      The isSelected() method in Selenium WebDriver is a powerful tool for checking the selection state of web elements. It is essential for validating form elements, verifying dynamic states, and ensuring the accuracy of automated tests. By mastering the use of the isSelected() method, testers can create robust and reliable automated scripts that accurately reflect and validate the selection state of elements in web applications.

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