In Selenium WebDriver, the quit() method is used to close all browser windows and terminate the WebDriver session. Unlike the close() method, which closes only the current browser window, quit() ends the WebDriver session entirely, releasing all associated system resources. This method is crucial for cleanup and resource management in automated testing.




  1. Ending the WebDriver session and closing all browser windows:
// Assuming 'driver' is an instance of WebDriver 


import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;

public class QuitWebDriverExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Set path to the ChromeDriver executable
        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "path/to/chromedriver");

        // Initialize ChromeDriver
        WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();

        // Open a webpage
        System.out.println("Page Title: " + driver.getTitle());

        // End the WebDriver session and close all browser windows


  • Resource Cleanup: The quit() method is essential for cleaning up after automated tests, ensuring that all browser windows are closed and associated resources are released.
  • Session Termination: It completely ends the WebDriver session, freeing up memory and system resources used by the WebDriver instance.
  • Test Isolation: Helps in ensuring test isolation by terminating the WebDriver session between test cases, preventing any side effects from lingering browser windows.

Differences from close()

  • quit(): Closes all browser windows and ends the WebDriver session. It releases all resources associated with the WebDriver.
  • close(): Closes only the current browser window. If there are multiple windows open, only the window with focus will be closed.


  • Browser Window Persistence: If the browser is configured to restore previous sessions on startup, the quit() method might not completely terminate all browser windows.
  • Session Cleanup: While quit() releases WebDriver resources, it does not guarantee complete cleanup of external processes or resources associated with the browser.


The quit() method in Selenium WebDriver is a crucial tool for terminating WebDriver sessions and cleaning up after automated tests. It ensures that all browser windows are closed and associated resources are released, helping in efficient resource management and test isolation. Understanding when and how to use quit() is essential for effective automated testing with Selenium WebDriver.

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