The sendKeys() method in Selenium WebDriver is used to simulate typing into a text field or any other element that accepts input. This method is crucial for automating tasks that involve form filling, search operations, and any scenario where text input is required. Understanding how to use the sendKeys() method effectively is essential for creating robust and interactive web automation scripts.


// Assuming 'element' is an instance of WebElement
element.sendKeys(String keysToSend);


  1. Entering Text into a Text Field:
WebElement textField = driver.findElement("username")); 

2. Entering Text into a Text Area:

    WebElement textArea = driver.findElement("description")); 
    textArea.sendKeys("This is a sample description.");

    3. Simulating Keyboard Actions:

    WebElement inputField = driver.findElement("inputField")); 
    inputField.sendKeys("Text" + Keys.ENTER);


      import org.openqa.selenium.By;
      import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
      import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
      public class SendKeysExample {
          public static void main(String[] args) {
              // Set path to the ChromeDriver executable
              System.setProperty("", "path/to/chromedriver");
              // Initialize ChromeDriver
              WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
              // Open a webpage
              // Locate a text field using its ID and enter text
              WebElement textField = driver.findElement("username"));
              // Locate a password field using its ID and enter a password
              WebElement passwordField = driver.findElement("password"));
              // Print confirmation message
              System.out.println("Text entered!");
              // Close the browser


      • Automating Form Filling: The sendKeys() method is essential for automating form filling tasks, enabling the testing of login forms, registration forms, search bars, and more.
      • Simulating User Input: It helps in simulating real user input, ensuring that web applications respond correctly to user actions.
      • Versatile Usage: The method can be used to enter text into various input fields, including text boxes, text areas, and even to simulate key presses (e.g., ENTER, TAB).


      • Element Readiness: The sendKeys() method requires the element to be interactable. If the element is not ready (e.g., not visible or enabled), it may throw an exception.
      • Synchronization Issues: There can be synchronization issues where the element is not immediately available for interaction. Using waits (implicit or explicit) can help mitigate these issues.


      The sendKeys() method in Selenium WebDriver is a fundamental tool for automating text input in web applications. It allows testers to simulate typing into input fields, making it possible to automate and validate scenarios that involve user input. By mastering the use of the sendKeys() method, testers can create comprehensive and reliable automated scripts that accurately replicate user behavior and test the functionality of web applications.

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